Saturday, 10 December 2016

Critical Reflection

According to Riemer, Faculty of Engineering, Monash University, “Communication skills are an essential component in the education of engineering students to facilitate not just students’ education but also to prepare them for their future careers.” In my opinion, this statement is true indeed and I was fortunate enough to have Effective Communication as one of the module in my first year of studies in Singapore Technology Institute (SIT). In this module I was tasked to create a blog as my portfolio.

For my first blog post, I was assigned to share The Importance of English to me. Through this, I learnt to revise writing using the 7c’s; clarity, conciseness (short and sweet), concrete (how specific the detail), correct, complete (the whole story is there), courteous and coherence (flow fallacies in logic).

For my second blog post, I was assigned to write a formal letter addressed to Brad. Through this, I learnt to adjust the style and tone when conveying different types of information to different group of audience for a particular purpose. I also learnt to choose appropriate subject when writing an email too.

The next blog post was to write a reader response. Through this, I learnt to write effective paraphrases and summarize the news article. In addition, I learnt to develop thesis statements and support it with evidence. Also, I learnt to cite sources correctly using APA citation style, showing academic integrity.

Then, I was assigned a group project to identify and research a problem and propose solutions. Through this, I learnt to identify and think critically about complex problems, formulate solutions and present these orally (during presentation) and in writing a technical report.

In the technical report, I learnt to develop problem and purpose statements and support them with evidence. In addition, I learnt to organize my technical report using the format that had been taught in this module. I believe these can help me in the future report writing.

Throughout this module, there were peer-and-instructor feedback. I learnt to give constructive criticism and feedback to peers courteously. I also receive feedback from my peers. Through this, I can see different perspectives and learnt from them too. Also, I learnt to reply my friends’ feedback courteously. I used not to reply others’ email messages as I thought it was not important to do so. Now, I learnt to reply others’ feedback courteously like what consummate communicator do.

There are also areas of improvements that can be made. I think I would need to further develop on my verb tense inconsistency.

Overall, I have learnt a lot through this module. I would like to thank my instructor Brad, for the guidance he gave. J


Reimer, M. (2007). Communication skills for the 21st century engineer. Global Journal of Engineering Education, 11(1), pp. 89-100.

Commented on Xian Jing's, Wei Jun's and Daryl's post.

Technical Report: Transmittal Letter

To: Brad Blackstone
From: Chong Jun Hao
Date: October, 2016

Dear Brad

Proposal for Implementing Organic Recycling Compost in Singapore Institute Technology (SIT) at Dover

This letter is to inform you of our acknowledgement and response to your authorization. We would like to present to you our following proposal to implement Organic Recycling Compost on the SIT campus.

According to National Environment Agency, the amount of food waste that Singapore generates has increased. This has caused the space in Semakau Landfill to run out exponentially. According to an interview with Mr Wilson, a member of the management committee of SIT (Food Canopy), SIT disposes an estimated of 200kg of food waste every week and does not have any waste recycling system in place. This contributes to the increasing food waste Singapore generates.

In order to reduce food waste by SIT, our team is proposing to implement Organic Recycling Compost on the SIT campus at Dover. The implementation of Organic Recycling Compost is not only economical for the school but also reduces greenhouse emission.

The team would like to thank you for taking the time to read through our proposal. We hope that you will consider our proposed solution of Organic Recycling Compost and take a step closer to extending the life of the Semakau landfill.

Yours sincerely,
Chong Jun Hao
Team leader
On behalf of Team Green Guardian

Reader Response (Draft 4)

In a news release, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) (2016) stated regarding recent problems that all 26 North-South and East-West Lines (NSEWL) trains were gradually sent for servicing and it also conducted severe testing of trains safety as well as dependability. Addressing the battery problems, the news release further explained that the manufacturer fixed the problems promptly by changing the battery supplier as well as improving the design of the "battery housing". It was stated in the news release that appropriate actions had been taken to get the manufacturer to rectify the draughtscreen problems, which were due to errors during the installation process. The news release also reported that the "hairline cracks" were due to “localized impurity” during the manufacturing process, and all these problems would not affect the operational safety of the trains. According to the same news release, the LTA would return defected trains to the factory in China to exchange the entire "car body shell" and it assured that periodic inspections would be conducted to ensure commuters’ safety. While the article provides lots of details on what have been done in order to solve defects problems, I feel that the LTA’s fails to consider several aspects that may cause defects on trains which could also affect their operational safety.

The first reason that the LTA’s fails to consider several aspects that may cause defects on trains which could also affect their operational safety is that it only considered that the hairline cracks were due to “localized impurities” during manufacturing process even though there are other aspect that may cause the hairline cracks.  According to Hao (2016), different weather condition could cause defects to trains. For example, during heavy downpour, the rain water pressure exerted onto the train may cause hair line cracks. However, the LTA’s does not address the analysis of the defects. In this manner, the LTA’s could leave reader with only a partial understanding causing it to be incomplete.

The second reason that the LTA’s fails to consider several aspects that may cause defects on trains which could also affect their operational safety is that it only stated that the cause of cracks at the draughtscreen were due to errors during installation process. In my opinion, overcrowded train may cause the cracks on the draughtscreen too. The Kawasaki Heavy Industries & CSR Sifang (2016) stated that the capacity for seated and standing passengers are 296 and 1624 respectively. However, according to Tan (2016), train ridership rose up to 4.2% from 2014 to 2015. In addition, according to” LTA Strategic Planning,” (2016), at 6.15pm, there were an average of 179 000 of train rider, which shows clearly that the train were overloaded. When the train is overloaded, standing commuters’ tend to lean against the draughtscreens and the force exerted could eventually cause the draughtscreens to crack. According to Chew (2015), one of the draughtscreens on MRT train shattered. In my opinion, it is possible for the same thing to happen again. Therefore, the analysis of the defects would be more complete if it had considered the train’s maximum capacity and laden weight per load that could be the cause of the cracks.

In conclusion, while the LTA’s only discussed on what had been done in order to solve the defect problems, it should also considered on analysis on the defects such as different weather condition as well as the maximum capacity and laden weight per load. Although the entire "car body shell" of the trains were going to be replaced, if the other aspects are being neglected, new cracks on the draughtscreen would be formed. If this problem persists in a long term, it may break the draughtscreens. Thus, this would affect the operational safety of the trains'.


Chew. H.M (2016). Glass side panel on SMRT train shatters. The Straits Times. Retrieved September 29, 2016 from

Land Transport Authority. (2016). Trains on the north-south and east-west lines for services. Retrieved September 22, 2016 from aspx?c=2&id=0f8b1220-0289-4bef-99c9b2455f17a66c#_fth1

Nan. Z. (2016). Our trains in Singapore are safe, says firm behind China-made MRT trains. News Asia One. Retrieved September 22, 2016 from

SG Trains. (2016). Kawasaki Heavy Industries & CSR Qingdao Sifang C151A (KSF). Retrieved September 29, 2016 from

Tan. C. (2016). Bus-and-train-ridership-hits-new-high. The Straits Times. Retrieved September 29, 2016 from

The Straits Times (2009). CSR Sifang and Kawasaki Heavy Industries Won the Bid in the Subway Vehicle Project of Singapore. Retrieved September 29, 2016 from

Saturday, 26 November 2016

Technical Report: Executive Summary

In this proposal, the concerns regarding the food waste in Singapore Institute Technology (SIT) are discussed. The report highlights that there are no measures taken by SIT to reduce food waste. The report also includes in-depth interview with individuals and meticulous research to evaluate the most effective and feasible method to reduce food waste. It proposes the usage of organic waste recycling compost to recycle food waste disposed by the Food Canopy canteen at SIT Dover. The report includes essential information on how SIT should implement organic waste recycling compost. The innovation is described along with its benefits and potential challenges.